Eliminating Nuclear Threats

A Practical Agenda for Global Policymakers



GARETH EVANS and YORIKO KAWAGUCHI CO-CHAIRS                    Commission Members


ABACC Argentine-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials
ABM Treaty Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
ALCM air-launched cruise missile
BMD ballistic missile defence
BWC Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
CANDU Canadian Deuterium (heavy water) (natural) Uranium power reactor
CCW Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
CD UN Conference on Disarmament
CDI Center for Defense Information
CFE Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe
CPPNM Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
CSI Container Security Initiative
CTBT Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
CTBTO Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
CTR Cooperative Threat Reduction
CWC Chemical Weapons Convention
DUPIC Direct Use of Pressurized Water Reactor Spent Fuel in CANDU reactor
FAS Federation of American Scientists
FMCI Fissile Material Control Initiative
FMCT Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty
G8 Group of Eight (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States)
G-20 Group of Twenty (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and the European Union)
GCR2P Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
GICNT Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
GIF Generation IV International Forum
GLCM ground-launched cruise missile
GNEP Global Nuclear Energy Partnership
GWe gigawatts (billion watts) electrical
HEU high enriched uranium
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
ICAN International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
ICBL International Campaign to Ban Landmines
ICBM intercontinental ballistic missile
ICJ International Court of Justice
IISS International Institute for Strategic Studies
IMS CTBT International Monitoring System
INF Treaty Intermediate and Short Range Nuclear Forces Treaty
IRBM intermediate range ballistic missile
ISIS Institute for Science and International Security
ITDB IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database
IUEC International Uranium Enrichment Centre
kt kiloton, thousand tons TNT equivalent
kWh kilowatt hours
LEU low enriched uranium
LOW launch on warning
LUA launch under attack
LWR light water reactor
MIRV multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle
MOX mixed oxide (plutonium and uranium)
MRBM medium range ballistic missile
Mt megaton, million tons TNT equivalent
MTCR Missile Technology Control Regime
MWe megawatts (million watts) electrical
NAM Non-Aligned Movement
NAS-CISAC National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NCA National Command Authorities
NFU no first use
NGOs non-governmental organizations
NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command
NNWS non-nuclear-weapon state, as defined by the NPT
NSA negative security assurance
NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
NPT Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
NTI Nuclear Threat Initiative
NWC model Nuclear Weapons Convention
NWFZ nuclear weapon free zone
NWS nuclear-weapon state, as defined by the NPT (United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China)
OTA U.S. Office of Technology Assessment
PAROS Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space
PSI Proliferation Security Initiative
PTBT Partial Test Ban Treaty
PWR pressurized water reactor
R&D research and development
RDD radiation dispersal device
RERTR Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors program
RRW Reliable Replacement Warhead
SALT Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
SLBM submarine/sea-launched ballistic missile
SLCM sea-launched cruise missile
SIPRI Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SNT sensitive nuclear technology (uranium enrichment and plutonium separation)
SORT Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty
SRAM short-range air-to-surface missile
SSBN ship submersible ballistic nuclear (strategic nuclear submarine)
SSOD (UN General Assembly) Special Session on Disarmament
SSP U.S. Stockpile Stewardship Program
START Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
THAAD Terminal High Altitude Area Defense missile defense
TMD theatre missile defense
TNW tactical nuclear weapon
TTBT Threshold Test Ban Treaty
UNCOPUOS UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
UNGA UN General Assembly
UNIDIR UN Institute for Disarmament Research
UNSCR UN Security Council Resolution
WANO World Association of Nuclear Operators
WINS World Institute for Nuclear Security
WNA World Nuclear Association
WMD weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, biological)
WMDFZ weapons of mass destruction free zone